The Province of Ontario requires businesses and apartment buildings to recycle specific materials based on the type of business.
The requirements apply to:
Retail establishments, office buildings, restaurants, hotels and motels, hospitals, educational institutions, and large manufacturing establishments are required to recycle aluminum, steel, and glass food or beverage items, and corrugated cardboard, office paper and newsprint.
Large manufacturing establishments are also required to recycle HDPE jugs, pails, crates, totes and drums; polyethylene film; polystyrene trays, reels, and spools; and untreated wood.
Construction and demolition projects must recycle brick, cement, concrete, cardboard, drywall, steel and untreated wood.
Apartments must source separate aluminum, steel, and glass food or beverage items, PET plastic bottles and other materials collected through the municipal curbside recycling program (blue box).
Restaurants, hotels and motels are also required to recycle PET plastic bottles.
The regulation was part of the provincial effort to reach 60% recycling. These sectors were recognized as the largest portion of the waste stream.
All affected sectors except apartments are required to conduct waste audits and then develop a waste reduction plan, put it into action and update it annually. The waste audit and plan must prioritize waste reduction first, reusing materials second, and then recycling. The plan must also include information on communicating the plan and waste reduction and recovery programs to employees, tenants and users.
Buildings are required to have collection containers that are adequately sized and conveniently located. Employees should be trained on how to source separate materials and use the collection systems, and feedback should be given to users to encourage program participation.