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Vermont, USA


Universal Recycling

Action(s) Taken

  • Disposal bans
  • Recycling Policies
  • Zero Waste goals & plans



Universal Recycling Overview

Vermont was the first US state to ban food waste from landfills, along with recyclable materials and yard debris. Trash haulers are required to provide curbside recycling and composting services to all residents and businesses.

Universal Recycling: Vermont

Zero Waste Goal Overview

In adopting its 10-year plan, “Working Toward a Zero Waste Region,” in 2003, the Central Vermont Solid Waste Management District (CVSWMD) created the first Zero Waste plan in New England. The plan shifted the emphasis away from waste management and toward eliminating waste and managing resources through a Zero Waste philosophy.

Zero Waste Goal: Vermont

Disposal Ban Overview

Vermont was the first state to enact a comprehensive ban on the landfill disposal of recyclable items and organics, including food scraps from households. These bans were part of the state’s mandatory recycling and composting regulations in 2012.

The bans were set up to phase in gradually in order to build the necessary infrastructure for the additional diversion. The recyclable materials banned from landfills include aluminum products, steel cans, glass bottles and jars, plastic bottles, corrugated cardboard, and some common paper products.

Vermont banned electronic devices such as computer equipment, phones and music players in 2011. White goods and mercury-containing products like fluorescent lamps, thermometers and button cell batteries are also banned. All banned materials must be kept out of solid waste and landfills.

Disposal Ban: Vermont

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